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Posts tagged ‘economic security’

Arizona Child Support Lien Screwup Infuriates Thousands

old-techThousands of Arizona residents that paid off their child support debt continued to be marked as subject to property liens because of a state Department of Economic Security screwup. The ongoing furor finally drove the agency to do something about the problem, according to insiders. Dozens of people had to be hired to help figure it out. Officials say the problem is “almost fixed.”

When asked about the snafu, DES officials acknowledged that a lengthy review of closed, past-due child support cases completed last year showed that 8,241 people should have had their liens removed. The agency also determined that 14,016 open child support cases need to be audited for liens that should be released; that review will occur sometime this year.

court orderThe state has about 321,000 active child support cases, with the state and county splitting them roughly in half. Besides typical cases, the state automatically receives cases that involve federally assisted foster care, as well as recipients of Medicaid  or welfare. Under previous rules, if someone ordered to pay child support were to fall more than two months behind, an administrative lien would be placed on all current and future property they own. (The state recently changed that to four months.) It is claimed that the lien prevents the person from selling the property, typically a home, until the past-due payments are satisfied. That isn’t exactly true as long as the payment is made before the house closes. If a parent who paid the past-due amount attempts to buy or sell and home and finds that a lien hasn’t been released, a title or mortgage company can submit a request to DES’ Division of Child Support Services, which sends the proper information to the companies “within 48 hours.”

The problem was that “liens were not properly tracked and documented,” according to information provided by Tasya Peterson, DES spokeswoman. Computer hardware from the 1980s at the agency, including a mainframe ATLAS system, “allows for user entry errors.”

homelessAt terminals with green monochrome monitors, workers over the years tracked only court-ordered liens in the archaic computer system, then later switched to tracking both court-ordered and the DES administrative liens, confusing the process. The old system could only store a few cases for a limited time so older cases were constantly archived on magnetic tape.

The agency discovered the source of the problem in April 2013 and hired the Child Support Lien Network to complete the review. While that project took two years, the audit of the 14,016 open cases should only take about two or three months.

“The Department believes its response regarding this issue has not resulted in delay or harm for the obligated parent,” she wrote. “A lien that has not been released does not affect the obligated parent’s credit report as liens are not reported, only balances.”

Of course, no parents were interviewed. This article is just how “the state officials” feel about the matter. Parents could be living in a car or on the street for all they care – as long as “officials” can justify how “the state” feels.

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Removing Barriers to Opportunity for Parents With Criminal Records and Their Children

InmateNearly four decades of mass incarceration and over-criminalization have made the United States the world leader in incarceration and arrests. The number of Americans in federal and state prisons and jails has quintupled over the past four decades. As a result, nearly 2.3 million Americans are behind bars today. The U.S. incarceration rate is at more than six times the average across developed nations. “Communities of color” and “men of color” are hit hardest, with black men six times more likely and Latino men two-and-a-half times more likely to be incarcerated than white men.

Between 70 million and 100 million Americans, or as many as one in three American adults have a criminal record. Many have been convicted of only minor offenses, such as misdemeanors and many have arrests that never led to a conviction. Regardless of whether an individual has been incarcerated, having a criminal record often carries a lifetime of consequences, lasting long after that person has paid his or her debt to society.  A minor criminal record can be a life sentence to poverty, while presenting obstacles to employment, housing, education, training, public assistance, financial empowerment, and other lifestyle choices.

dad-with-kidsWhile the effects of parental incarceration on children and families are well-documented, less appreciated are the family consequences that stem from the barriers associated with having a criminal record. A child’s life chances are strongly tied to his or her circumstances during childhood. Thus, these barriers may not only affect family stability and economic security in the short term but also may damage a child’s long-term well-being and outcomes.

Nearly half of U.S. children now have at least one parent with a criminal record. Parental criminal records create significant challenges among low-income parents and their families.

Income
Parents with criminal records have lower earning potential, as they often face major obstacles to securing employment and receiving public assistance.

Savings and assets
Mounting criminal justice debts and unaffordable child support arrears severely limit families’ ability to save for the future and can trap them in a cycle of debt.

Education
Parents with criminal records face barriers to education and training opportunities that would increase their chances of finding well-paying jobs and better equip them to support their families.

Housing
Barriers to public as well as private housing for parents with criminal records can lead to housing instability and make family reunification difficult if not impossible.

Family strength and stability.
Financial and emotional stressors associated with parental criminal records often pose challenges in maintaining healthy relationships and family stability.

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